Exploring Saskatchewan’s Athabasca Sand Dunes

Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
One of Athabasca’s giant dunes just before sunset. And yes, we are still in Saskatchewan – not the Sahara!

The Athabasca Sand Dunes are, quite simply, our favourite place in the world. Stretching for about 100 kilometres along the south shore of Lake Athabasca in Saskatchewan’s far north, these are the largest dunes in Canada and the largest this far north anywhere in the world. But it’s not just size that makes them unique. As we might expect, most of the world’s great sand dunes are in deserts or at least in very arid regions. But not here. The Athabasca Sand Dunes lie smack in the middle of boreal forest and lakelands, next to one of Canada’s largest lakes, and sliced by three rivers. Surprisingly, the best way to explore these extraordinary dunes is by canoe. How cool is that?

Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
Storm clouds over the south shore of Lake Athabasca.
Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
Massive walls of sand lining the west bank of the William River take on a pinkish tinge just before sunrise.
Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
The same wall of sand as in the previous photo, though here taking on a golden glow just after sunrise.

We’ve been coming here off and on for many years, drawn by the enchanting landscape. On our first trip we canoed down the William River, which for about 25 kilometres is like a narrow ribbon running between two totally different worlds. The east bank is clothed in dark green jack pine forest typical of the north, while the west side is lined by massive banks of golden sand, in places rising 30 metres straight out of the water.

William River
The William River just before it empties into Lake Athabasca.

The William is like two different rivers. For most of its length it races through frothing rapids and boulder-strewn rock gardens. Then, 18 kilometres before reaching Lake Athabasca, it becomes completely sand-choked. spreading into a shallow, braided stream up to a half kilometre wide in places. Here you are hard pressed to find a single stone.

We’ve paddled upstream a few times as far as the last rapids, which is only possible when water levels are high. Two challenges are tackling the fairly strong current, and keeping our paddles in deep enough water to maintain powerful strokes. We constantly zigzag across the wide river searching for deeper channels. But the effort is worth it, since going upstream takes us into the most spectacular dune scenery.

Canoeing on the William River, Athabasca Sand Dunes, Saskatchewan | Photojourneys.ca
Canoeing on braided section of William River, trying too find deep enough water to stay afloat.
Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
Mid-river photo stop on a William River sandbar.

Our most recent visit was this past summer. There wasn’t enough water to go upstream on the William River, so we spent a delightful week paddling along the south shore of the lake, lined by almost non-stop beach, and exploring the various dune fields along the way. We saw no other people and no other boats. If it weren’t for the odd plane flying overhead, there would have been absolutely nothing to remind us of the “civilized world”.

Athabasca Sand Dunes, Saskatchewan
Sunrise (just after 4:00 am) on our campsite on Lake Athabasca’s beach.
Shoreline, Lake Athabasca, Athabasca Sand Dunes, Saskatchewan
Beach on the south shore of Lake Athabasca.
Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
The extremely shallow, sandbar-laden south shore of Lake Athabasca. Large boats have a difficult time negotiating these conditions, another reason why travelling by canoe is ideal.

The dunes have a long list of outstanding features, including numerous rare plants, including endemics found nowhere else on earth. We find fuzzy, felt-leaved willow, delicate strands of sand chickweed that thrive in pure sand, and Athabasca thrift resembling tiny pink candy apples. Most intriguing are the exhumed forests, where ancient trees were once buried by moving sand then exhumed as the dunes migrate with the prevailing winds.

Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan, Canada
Sea lyme grass, one of the many rare plants growing in the dunes.
Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
Sign of the Cross. The desiccated remains of tree trunks often erode into fascinating shapes, such as here where it has formed the shape of a cross.
Exhumed forest, Athabasca Sand Dunes, Saskatchewan
The red glow of the setting sun over the exhumed forest.
Exhumed forest, Athabasca Sand Dunes, Saskatchewan
Exhumed forest overlooking Lake Athabasca.

A two-hour hike west of the William River brings us to the giant dunes. About 40 monsters lie in the centre of the dune field, many rising over 30 metres high and stretching a kilometre long, their knife-edge crests flowing in sinuous curves. Climbing to the top, we keep reminding ourselves that we’re still in Saskatchewan, not the Sahara.

Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
Some of the giant dunes stretch up to a kilometre long.
Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
Knife edge crest of a giant dune.

As impressive as the William River may be at water level, it saves its grand finale for those who fly over. Looking down over the braided section and expansive delta, the William is magically transformed into a giant abstract painting. Multi-hued shades of gold, beige and copper reveal varying depths of underwater sandbars, while above-water sand appears white, and deep channels a chocolate brown. Swirling colours remind us of butterscotch pudding marbled with whipped cream.

Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
William River. Or is it an abstract painting?
Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
A small island in the sand-choked William River. Except for the island and bright white sandbars, everything else in the image is below the water surface of the shallow river, where the constantly shifting sand has sculpted swirling contours of copper, chocolate, and beige on the river floor.

Other than evidence of forest fires here and there, we’ve noticed little change over the years. The dunes are protected in a provincial park, but even more important, isolation is preserving this enchanting landscape.

Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
A section of the William River just before its delta on Lake Athabasca. What looks like rows of trees in the top of the image are ancient beach ridges marking former levels of Lake Athabasca.
Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
The sand-choked braided section of the William River.

How to visit

There is one glitch in visiting this special place – it ain’t easy. There are no facilities of any kind – no roads, no buildings, no organized transport, no people, no cell service, nothing. Which is one of the reasons why it has remained such a delightful place. Options include chartering a float plane to drop you off or arranging boat transport from a Lake Athabasca community. The town of Stony Rapids on the east end of the lake is the main service centre with float plane charter companies. You can get to Stony Rapids by road (a bloody rough road in places). Another alternative is to fly into one of the Lake Athabasca north shore communities, such as Fond du Lac or Uranium City, which are closer to the dunes, then hire someone to take you by boat.

Some visitors get around by hiking. There are occasional guided excursions. Churchill River Canoe Outfitters sometimes offers tours, usually hiking trips. No matter how you go, you have to be fully prepared for self-sufficient wilderness camping.

Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
In mid-summer, the sun sets over the widest part of Lake Athabasca and shines up at the exhumed forest high atop the dunes, turning the ghostly tree trucks a blood red.
Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
Two white spruce trees trying to survive high atop a sand dune overlooking Lake Athabasca.

More Information

Several of our books feature the Athabasca Sand Dunes, including Northern Sandscapes, Northern Saskatchewan Canoe Country, The Great Saskatchewan Bucket List, and Photographer’s Guide to Saskatchewan. Visit Parkland Publishing.

Athabasca Sand Dunes, northern Saskatchewan
Approaching storm over the exhumed forest.

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6 thoughts on “Exploring Saskatchewan’s Athabasca Sand Dunes

  1. I need to gather some adventurous friends to explore this amazing Saskatchewan landscape. Plus I need to learn how to survive for some days. I think it could be probably one of the best experiences and close to home.
    Now, how to do this?. How to get close? Canoeing, flying driving and boating,?

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